Periodontal disease attacks the gums and bone that support the teeth.Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Plaque build up is the first stage of developing periodontal disease. Plaque is a soft sticky film made up of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If plaque is not removed, it hardens and turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone that support the teeth and lead to periodontal disease.
Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it. Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.
Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss but research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other systemic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and alzheimer’s disease. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease:
- Bleeding gums
- Loose teeth
- New spaces between teeth
- Persistent bad breath
- Pus around teeth and gums
- Receding gums
- Red and puffy gums
- If you are noticing any of these conditions in your mouth, please give us a call to schedule an appointment today.
Ways to prevent Periodontal Disease:
- Brushing teeth at least twice daily
- Flossing daily
- Balanced diet, avoid foods that have a lot of sugar
- Regular dental cleanings